9 hardy grape varieties that will take root well in the fall


The grapes love the sun and heat, which is why the plantations are mainly located in warm countries. However, residents of cold regions should not be upset: many frost-resistant varieties have been bred.

Crystal

This is the result of crossing the Amur Vitis amurensis, the European-Asian Vitis vinifera and the European-American hybrid Villard blanc. It was invented in Hungary, has a high frost resistance and ripens quickly: from 100 to 120 days.If planted in late spring, harvest can be done by September. Due to the qualities of the Amur species, it is able to withstand up to -29 ° C and does not require special shelter for the winter.

It is intended mainly for the production of dry table wines, since the taste of the berries themselves is not very pronounced.

Lydia

The same variety that often adorns summer cottages in Russia, Ukraine and Moldova. Produced by crossing the European Vitis vinifera with the wild American Vitis labrusca. It resembles the Isabella variety, since it belongs to this group, but unlike it, the color of the berries is pink with a purple tint.Wines from Lydia have been banned in Europe and the USA since 1999 due to the high amount of pectins contained in hybrid varieties. In the process of fermentation, pectins are converted into methinols, which can cause irreparable harm to the body, up to blindness and even death. Fresh berries are healthy and tasty. Ripening period - up to 160 days, the table can be served in the middle of autumn.

Extra

American grape, obtained by breeding the Big Berry and Triumph species. The names Walder and Elsinburg are also found. The variety is unpretentious and frost-resistant, withstands up to -25 ° C.The taste is slightly astringent, sweet-sour, many people note the aroma of strawberries. The ripening period is 125-140 days. Already in mid-September, you can eat.

Dove

This is a complex hybrid of varieties Severny, Forty years of October, Odessa early, Alicante Boucher, Cabernet Sauvignon. It is classified as technical.Due to the high content of coloring matter, rich table and strong wines, blended juices are made from it. The ripening process lasts until mid-October.

Saperavi north

A variety that appeared in nature during the selection of two species: the Georgian Saperavi and the North. Ripening lasts 140 days, and already in mid-September you can treat guests. It is frost-resistant, can withstand cold temperatures down to -29 ° С.North Saperavi belongs to the technical grape variety. Blended juices and table wines are made from it. Most often, this variety is found in Georgian wines.

The juice turns out to be very rich and thick, for which it is often used as a dye for other wines.

Moscow sustainable

The result of crossing the varieties Alpha, Amursky and Madeleine Angevin. The second name is Skuinya 675. The ripening period is 125-135 days. The first fruits can be harvested in August.Able to withstand low temperatures down to -37 ° C. The berries are juicy, with a nutmeg-pineapple aroma. White table wines are made from Moscow Sustainable.

Lady fingers

One of the most recognizable grape varieties due to its oblong shape. The official name is Khusayne Bely. Ripening period - 130-160 days. The berries are juicy, sweet, slightly crunchy.Raisins are often made from Ladies' fingers. In most cases, it is grown for human consumption, not wine. He loves warmth, withstands a maximum of -15 ° C and with the obligatory shelter.

Winchel

The second name is Green Mountain. It is of American origin, a cross between Labrusca and Winifer.Hardy to -30 ° C, grows in Canada and the northern states of America. A good table wine is made from this grape variety. The berry taste is similar to Isabella with a light strawberry flavor.

Taiga

The main plus is early ripening, 90 days are enough. High frost resistance, can withstand up to -40 ° C. Muscat aroma, tender and juicy berries, sweet and sour taste. Can be eaten raw or made dry red wine, as well as compotes, jams, preserves for the winter.


Councils for gardeners. October

The harvest is harvested. It would seem that you can rest. But not everything is so simple. In October, next year's harvest is laid, so gardeners and gardeners still have a lot of work to do. Advice to gardeners is indicative - in a warm autumn, part of the work moves closer to November, in a cold one you need to do a lot as early as possible. The main thing in October is to prepare the site for winter.


Requirements for grape varieties for Siberia and Altai

For Siberia and the Altai Territory, unpretentious and frost-resistant grape varieties are chosenthat quickly adapt to the climatic conditions of the regions. Recommended frost resistance down to -30 ° C. Also pay attention to plant immunity to get a rich harvest, grapes must be resistant to powdery mildew, powdery mildew, anthracnose, mildew. Varieties with weak immunity and low frost resistance will not take root in Altai or Siberia.


Among this species there are more of those who will feel great outdoors even in frosty winter, which is why they are preferred by those who do not have the opportunity to carefully care for the plants. A wide choice is open to flower growers.

White chrysanthemums

Large and lush buds of this perennial will look great under the first snow. Such chrysanthemums are divided into three subspecies.

  • "White loin" does not live up to its name too much, as its petals are usually creamy. This plant with a powerful stem has only one drawback - it multiplies very slowly.
  • "Umka" reaches a height of about 80 centimeters. Pink buds in their appearance resemble pompons, they bloom twice a season.

  • Everest is able to withstand severe frosts. The flowers have a yellow core. The subspecies reproduces quickly and easily.

"Apple Blossom"

This variety got its name not by chance. Its flowers are similar to those of an apple tree. The stems of such chrysanthemums are powerful and straight, reaching a length of about 60 centimeters. Decorativeness lasts until the end of October, and in warm regions it can last longer. The variety is resistant to frost, but if outside your windows in winter the thermometers often reach -40 degrees, then you still need to cover the root system. The Apple Blossom chrysanthemums planted on flower beds and flower beds become their main accent.

Altgold

This variety is tall. 65 centimeters is not the limit for Altgold. The buds, like those of Umka, resemble pompons or even small balls, as they have an ideal round shape. The flowers are colored yellow and can become an adornment of the most dull and gloomy autumn. Planted under the window, they will cheer you up from September to the end of October. Please note: this variety can be propagated by root shoots.

"Sun"

It is not hard to guess why the variety got such a name. Its flowers are large and yellow, located on high stems. The average height of the "Sun" is 70 centimeters, and even higher with good care. The cost of bouquets of these flowers is quite high. If there is a desire to make money, then there is nothing easier. The variety reproduces well thanks to the root growth.

"Lelia"

If you want to get a raspberry carpet of low flowers in the shape of a ball, plant small-double chrysanthemums "Lelia". Their flowering begins in the first days of autumn and continues until the onset of frost. Representatives of this variety do not require increased attention to themselves, and, moreover, do not attract harmful insects.

"Amber"

The flowers reach a height of 50 centimeters. Their yellow-orange flowers are able to decorate any site, as they fit into a variety of landscape designs. The roots of this variety are powerful, so it multiplies without problems. The plantings are dense, which is why the choice of flower growers often falls on "Yantar".

"Purple Haze"

This variety is perhaps the most frost-resistant of all. Its height reaches 60 centimeters, and it begins to bloom in early autumn: the site turns pink and lilac during this period. Over time, the color of the flowers becomes lighter, it happens evenly.


What varieties are best to choose for planting in the Leningrad region

Currently, the consumer is able to choose from a variety of grape varieties that can be grown in the Leningrad Region. In this case, the following indicators should be taken into account:

  • ripening period of berries
  • sufficient frost resistance of plantings
  • features of care.

The ripening period of the fruits should occur when the region will have the warmest and not rainy weather. And sufficient frost resistance will help the shrubs to winter safely, in the spring it is good to grow.

The most popular varieties are the following:

If the cultivation of grapes will take place in a greenhouse, then you should opt for varieties:

Experienced gardeners recommend that the vineyard be protected from frost and winds, regardless of the selected varieties for planting. It is quite simple to hold such an event, for this the vine of the bush is simply lowered to the ground and pressed with a small support. A burlap-shaped shelter should be placed on top of the vine, and as soon as the first snow falls, it should be covered with snow. So that the vine does not begin to ripple as soon as the snow melts, it is necessary to immediately remove the shelter. In case of promised frosts, it is recommended to treat the plantings with special preparations, for example, EcoFus or Epin.

Growing grapes is mainly about growing cuttings. After the small twigs of the shrub give leaves and their root system gets stronger, you can independently plant the planting material in the ground. However, you can get a good harvest of berries if the cultivation of plantings and care takes place in stages:

  • the landing hole should be 75-80 centimeters in both length and width
  • it is imperative to lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the recess; ordinary crushed stone or crushed brick can be used as drainage
  • the drainage is covered with earth, rotted manure, organic and potash fertilizers are added to it. Everything is thoroughly watered with settled water
  • as soon as the water is saturated, a recess is made in the center of the planting hole, into which the root system of the cutting is neatly placed
  • the top layer of soil is compacted, a small support is installed for planting. As a support, you can use a metal product in the form of reinforcement or wire
  • growing will not be effective if cuttings are planted too close to each other, so a distance of about one meter should be maintained between the planting holes.

Cuttings are best planted in open ground in spring, when the soil warms up enough, if this event is carried out in the fall, then the plants must be protected from frost and winds, and the shelter will need to be made strong and reliable.

Cultivation of a culture in the Leningrad region, as you can see, is not such a difficult process, however, after planting, you need to take care of the grapes further:

  • control soil moisture throughout the summer period. Do not water the grapes often, especially if the weather is humid. It will be enough for a shrub to receive abundant watering 4-5 times during the entire period of development and ripening.
  • with the onset of autumn, you need to cut off excess shoots so that no more than four, but the strongest branches remain on the bush. On adult plants, pruning should be carried out regularly so that the bush does not have damaged and old shoots.
  • in summer, weed should be eliminated, the topsoil should be constantly loosened. If during processing you notice bare roots, they must be covered with soil so as not to allow the root system to dry out from the heat. The cultivation of a vineyard will be much more effective if the necessary fertilizers and trace elements are introduced under the shrub.

Taking into account all the recommendations provided in this article, everyone can independently plant, grow and get an excellent harvest of a valuable berry, which is called grapes.


"Alpha"

The hybrid is obtained by crossing two grape varieties: "Riparia" and "Labrus", the result is impressive with remarkable frost resistance (up to -35 ° C). A plant with a late maturity. The vine of this variety has a powerful growth force: the length of the vine freely reaches 9 meters during the warm period, and at warm and humid temperatures it builds up too many stepchildren, which must be removed. Technical grade.

The flowering of the variety begins in the first decade of June, bisexual flowers are located with two or three inflorescences on one shoot. Grape growers use Alpha as an ideal pollinator when growing other grape varieties in monoculture. In the southern regions, where the subzero temperature does not drop below -12 ° C frost, the vine can be left uncovered for the winter.

Description of the harvest of this variety:

  • bunches ripen rather late, their ripening period stretches from 110 to 145 days
  • the average size of the brushes is 150-180 grams, if the harvest is small - the size of one brush can be increased to 250-280 grams
  • grape shape - round, average weight 2-3 grams
  • skin color black-blue with a characteristic bluish waxy bloom
  • the taste of berries has a nutmeg flavor and a rather sour flesh. This can be explained by the fact that "Alpha" belongs to the technical group of grape varieties and sugars are recruited up to 16% when the acid is set at 10-11 g / l
  • the average yield reaches 14-15 kg per bush
  • usually ripe bunches are removed from the vine in late September.


What varieties are best to choose for planting in the Leningrad region

Currently, the consumer is able to choose from a variety of grape varieties that can be grown on the territory of the Leningrad Region. In this case, the following indicators should be taken into account:

  • ripening period of berries
  • sufficient frost resistance of plantings
  • features of care.

The ripening period for fruits should occur when the region will have the warmest and not rainy weather. And sufficient frost resistance will help the shrubs to winter safely, in the spring it is good to grow.

The most popular varieties are the following:

  1. Amursky.
  2. Muscat.
  3. Zilga.
  4. Aglaya.

If the cultivation of grapes will take place in a greenhouse, then you should opt for varieties:

  • Laura
  • Kishmish
  • Arcadia.

Experienced gardeners recommend that the vineyard be protected from frost and winds, regardless of the selected varieties for planting. It is quite simple to hold such an event, for this the vine of the bush is simply lowered to the ground and pressed with a small support. A burlap-shaped shelter should be placed on top of the vine, and as soon as the first snow falls, it should be covered with snow. So that the vine does not begin to ripple as soon as the snow melts, it is necessary to immediately remove the shelter. In case of promised frosts, it is recommended to treat the plantings with special preparations, for example, EcoFus or Epin.


Overview of covering winter-hardy varieties

Usually large frost-resistant grape varieties are always covering. The vine can withstand temperatures as low as –27 o C. Without shelter, the bushes can grow in warm regions.

A fairly frost-resistant grape variety boasts large berries up to 5 cm long. Fruits are oval in shape, highly elongated. The berry weighs up to 20 g. Ripe fruits become lilac in color with a purple and pink tint. The skin is covered with a bloom of silvery white. The pulp tastes sweet.A moderate presence of acid is felt. The brushes grow large. The mass of one bunch reaches 1 kg. Taking into account this feature, it is necessary to harvest in a timely manner in order to prevent an overload of the winter-hardy bush.

A frost-resistant variety obtained by crossing Rizamata and Talisman. The bunches mature in about 150 days. Harvesting falls in mid-September. Before the winter shelter, the vine is cut and bent to the ground.

Conditionally winter-hardy grapes can withstand frosts down to –24 o C. An early frost-hardy variety will delight you with delicious berries in 110 days. The culture was bred in the process of crossing Voskovy with Radiant Kishmish. The berries grow large, elongated. The color of the fruit is light green. In the sun, the skin takes on a golden hue. The mass of the berry is about 20 g. The skin is thin, practically imperceptible when chewed. The berry is about 3 cm long and 2.5 cm wide.

The shape of the bunch is cylindrical, often conical. The mass of the hand reaches 1 kg. The berries are grown for fresh consumption.

The early frost-resistant grape varieties are adequately represented by a culture with beautiful berries that look like a cherry. By origin, it is a winter-hardy hybrid obtained from Rizamat and Victoria. The vine can withstand a drop in temperature to - 25 o C. The harvest ripens after 110 days.

Bushes of medium height, not spreading. A frost-resistant culture is rarely affected by diseases. The bunches grow up to 0.5 kg in weight. The berries are round-elongated and tightly collected in a cluster. Fruit diameter is about 2.5 cm. Ripe grapes turn red. The skin is firm, thick, but not rough. The pulp is sweet, not slimy, the flavor of the nutmeg is felt in the taste.

In memory of Smolnikov

Withstands frost-resistant grapes lowering the temperature to - 24 o C. The ripening period of the harvest is mid-early. The berries are ready to eat 120 days after bud break. The frost-resistant bush is decorative. The bunches grow huge, weighing from 1 to 1.7 kg. The berries are yellow-green in color. The skin is capable of acquiring a pink tan. In length, the fruit grows up to 4 cm, and the diameter reaches 2.5 cm. The pulp is sweet, acid is slightly felt. Sugar contains at least 20%.

Winter-hardy grape bushes are rarely affected by mildew and powdery mildew. The crop lends itself to transportation and storage.

Citron Magaracha

According to its intended purpose, the variety of frost-resistant grapes is considered technical and is a hybrid. Ripening of the crop begins in 130 days. Frost-resistant bushes grow medium in size, long, not spreading lashes. The mass of one bunch reaches 0.5 kg. The berries are tightly harvested. The color of the fruit is light green with a golden hue. The skin is covered with a white coating. One berry weighs about 6 g. The taste of the pulp is sweet. The aroma of citrus and nutmeg is felt. The skin is firm, but not thick, easy to chew.

The first harvest is most often used to make Muscat wine. Subsequent ripe bunches gain more sugar. They are used to make dessert wines. In the fall, the vine is necessarily cut off, covered, since it cannot withstand frosts below -25 o C.

Of the covering varieties, Julian is considered one of the most winter-hardy grapes. The bushes can withstand a drop in temperature to -25 o C. The crop ripens early: in the south - after 90 days, in the middle lane - after 110 days. By design, it is a frost-resistant table variety. The bunches grow large, weighing from 0.6 to 1 kg. Subject to the conditions of agricultural technology, it is possible to grow brushes weighing about 2 kg.

The berries are cylindrical, strongly elongated. On the brush, the fruits are free. The shape of the hand is undefined. One berry weighs about 20 g. When ripe, the fruits are partially golden and pink. Overripe berry becomes lilac in color. The taste has made the variety famous. The berry, crispy when bitten, is very tender and juicy. The peel is not felt when chewed. The pulp is sweet with a bright nutmeg aroma. The wasp is not able to gnaw through the thin skin.

Frost-resistant grapes were bred by a domestic breeder. The vine can withstand negative temperatures down to -25 o C. In terms of ripening, the winter-hardy culture is considered early. In the southern regions, the harvest is harvested after 95 days. For cold regions, the date of picking berries is delayed up to 115 days. On average, the harvest is ready for harvest from the tenth of August. The culture is rarely affected by gray mold, but it is sensitive to powdery mildew, powdery mildew, mildew.

The bunches are medium in size with a loose arrangement of berries. The shape of the brush from the side resembles a triangle. Fruits are yellow-green in color with a golden hue. There is a thin waxy coating on the skin. The fruits are large, elongated, about 3 cm long. The berry mass reaches 12 g. The dense skin is practically not felt when chewing. The pulp is sweet, juicy, not prone to cracking. The crop tolerates transportation well. Berries are eaten fresh or used for juice.

Finishing the review of frost-resistant covering and non-covering grapes, descriptions of varieties, photos, reviews, it is worth listening to the statements of experienced gardeners.


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