Crambe or sea cabbage, sow, maintain, bleach, harvest,


Crambe, crambé, sea cabbage or sea cabbage, is a perpetual wild kale.

Here is an amazing cabbage that this crambe. It is aptly named "crambe Maritima" because this very special kale grows on the seashores of Western Europe. It is mainly found in England in the wild, in France too, in the west, in Normandy and especially in Brittany.
The plant is cultivated for its petiole - its young petioles - that is to say the tail of the leaves which reveal very pleasant flavors. The plant can measure up to 50cm in height with a semi-erect / semi-creeping habit. The crambe has a very beautiful green-bluish foliage and produces small white or pink flowers, in beautiful terminal clusters, in the months of May and June, which makes it a very beautiful plant for ornamental gardens ... rustic style!

Botanical name:

• Crambe Maritima

Plant type:

Family : Bracicassés bracicaceae
• Cycle: Perennial
• Hardiness: Hardy plant (-15 ° C)
Foliage : Obsolete
Exposure : Sun (temperate and humid climate)
Ground : Humid, deep and cool
• Harbor : Erect stems / Falling habit
• Rooting: Roots
• Origin: Western Europe
• Toxicity: no

Special features and health advantage:

• Health & nutrition: sea ​​cabbage or crambe is antiscorbutic, tonic and deworming.
• Essential oil :
• Vitamins: Very rich in vitamins A, B, C.
• Mineral salts :
• Crop rotation: The plant as a perennial can stay in place for about ten years. Once moved, it will take 3 years to replant in the same place.
• Toxic: No
• Honey plant: -.

Advantage in the garden:

• Very easy to grow.
• Perennial strain
• Perpetual vegetable

Description:

The crambe is the cabbage of the seaside. It is very easy to cultivate as it is also easy to collect its seeds. This sea cabbage produces very cut leaves at the end of long, more or less thin stems. We don't eat the leaves like a classic green cabbage. We collect the stems when they are still young, thin (blanched), they are cooked like asparagus, in a meat broth for example.

What soil to plant the perpetual crambé:

• Fresh soil, humus, drained and deep.

What exposure for the crambe?

• Sunny. The crambe appreciates temperate climates.
• In very sunny and hot areas, it is more advisable to plant them in partial shade.

When to sow “sea kale” or sea cabbage?

• In place : in spring, from March to the end of May.
• In colder regions, prefer seedlings under shelter in a bucket.

How to sow it?

Crambe is a perennial vegetable from fairly mild, temperate and humid climates.
• In colder regions, wait until April.

In place :

• The crambe is cultivated in pockets.
• Space the plants 40 cm apart and install them in staggered rows.
• Loosen the soil with a grelinette or a spade fork.
• Prepare the pockets: make holes 10 cm deep and wide…
• Fill them with potting soil.
• Make a shallow hole 2-3 cm in diameter and 2 cm deep…
• Place 3 or 4 seeds in pockets.
• Cover with potting soil, tamp down and water; Plants should be moist until emergence.

Under shelter :

• Sow directly in a bucket from March.
• Use a potting soil for planting.
• Place 3 to 4 seeds per cup, 1 to 2 cm deep.
• Cover with potting soil.
• Tamp and water.
• Keep the soil moist until emergence.

(It is also possible to sow clear in a box and then put it in a bucket later)

• In both cases, when the seedlings have 4 or 5 leaves, thin them out to keep only one.

When to plant / transplant the crambe:

• Transplant as soon as month of April and until May.

How to plant it:

• If you have produced the seedlings under cover,
• Prepare the grounds with the grelinette and amend it with potting soil.
• Place the crambe plants every 40 cm, in all directions and in staggered rows.
• Water regularly on a dry surface.

Can we multiply sea cabbage?

• Yes, by division of the tuft or by root cuttings.

When to multiply the crambe:

• Preferably in spring, fall possible.

How to multiply the crambe by division of the tufts?

• First of all, the tuft must already be a few years old, rather the old tufts will be dividing.
• With a cleaned and disinfected spade, cut the stump into 4 equal parts,
• That you will replant elsewhere in the garden.
• To transplant the divisions, make a nice hole in the soil that you amend with potting soil.
• All that remains is to place the crambe divisions.
• Tamp and water.

How to multiply crambe by root cuttings?

It's a method a little more rare is a little more complex than the division of tufts.

• On an old stump, find some nice roots.
• Collect a few sections of roots 10 and 15cm in length, clearly identifying the direction,
• Indeed the root pieces will have to be replanted in the same direction ...
• In places where cuttings are in the ground, amend the soil with potting soil.
• Make narrow and deep holes of about twenty centimeters and 40 apart.
• Place the roots with the cut up.
• Recap with a mixture of garden soil and potting soil.
• Water and keep the soil moist (not wet).

Interview :

Blanching of young stems:

• To be able to be eaten, the branches of the crambe need to be "withered". Without it, the flavor of this sea cabbage is very pungent, which makes it undesirable.

• During the month of January depending on the progress of the shoots,
• Place a pot above the plants, the English produce pots specific to this crop.
• On top of the pots place a bed of dead leaves, straw or manure.
• Cover the planting lines with a black "cultivation sheet".
• This "treatment" will cause the development and refinement of the branches. They will also be softer.
• Harvesting can start after 3 to 4 weeks.

Removal of dead leaves:

• The crambe is a perennial vegetable, a perennial plant, which is no less deciduous.
• In autumn, its leaves wither,
• Wait until the onset of winter for the stump to go dormant to cut the dry leaves.

Floor maintenance:

• Tillage and weeding are necessary to allow better distribution and retention of water /
• The more moist the soil stays late in the season, the slower the plant will go to seed.
• Cut the flower stems so as not to tire the plant, unless you want to “make crambe seeds”.

When to harvest the crambe?

The crambe is harvested the 2 years after its sowing.
• The harvest begins in the month from March to May.

Harvesting sea cabbage:

• After 3 or 4 or even 5 weeks of etiolation, when the petioles (shoots) have grown well
• Usually in March, shoots are 25 to 30 cm tall.
• Cut the longest ones from the base of the stems.
• When cutting, be careful not to damage the young shoots.
• The harvest lasts from March to April, sometimes at the beginning of May.
• The first year of harvest, you harvest only once a year.

Perennial crambe cabbage varieties:

• There is only one variety, but in Great Britain there are said to be a few "variants".

Crambe and good company in the vegetable garden

• Sea cabbage seems to have only friends in the vegetable garden.
• Plant it on the edge or at the bottom of a perennial vegetable bed: thyme, rosemary, mint, sage, savory, oregano, etc. or on the edge of a flower bed.

A word from the amateur gardener:

In pots, growing crambe gives intermediate results, its roots are important and need rich and above all deep soil.

Crop rotation?

• Crambe is a perennial plant that is not too demanding on the soil. In fact, the plant can stay in place for 10 years. • Once removed, it will take 3 years to replant it in the same place.

Diseases of the crambe?

• The plant is rarely affected by disease when grown in small mixed plots. But the sea ​​cabbage sometimes undergoes cabbage hernia. It's a disease quite rare which appears when the soil is too dense or too poor. Bring postasse by placing wood ashes at the foot of the stump. and incorporate well-rotted compost into the soil regularly.

• The root rot. the roots are affected by a purple-colored lump. The leaves turn yellow and then the plant dies. Remove the diseased plant and check the others well. Burn diseased plants.

Quick sheet:

summary

Item name

Crambe, Sea Cabbage, Sea Cabbage, Sea Kale ...

Description

Here is a perpetual vegetable which perpetuates the tradition. This ancient vegetable, wild vegetable, perennial vegetable is an astonishing cabbage, It is therefore a perpetual vegetable that is found in the wild by the sea, especially in England and France - Normandy and Brittany ... It is cultivated for its petioles previously blanched. There is a bit of work before you can taste it, but when you love the vegetable garden, when you love to cook ... We love Crambé!

Author

Editor's name

jaime-jardiner.com

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On the other hand, if the places of culture are in the southern hemisphere, it is advisable to exploit with the most extreme caution the texts proposed.

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Thank you for your attention.

It is found in a wild state on coasts of North Sea, Baltic and Atlantic coast.

Forgotten vegetable, it belongs to the so-called perpetual vegetables.

Easily cultivated, it remains in place for several years.

It owes its nickname to the fact that it looks like a big cabbage and appreciates the seaside because it tolerates sea spray very well.

Fast growing, it offers a bushy habit.

Ornamental, it can be grown both in the vegetable garden and in the pleasure garden.

The white flowers, summery and very airy, are slightly fragrant with hints of honey. Nectar and honey, attract pollinators and bees.

The stubborn, fleshy and tasty shoots are eaten, barely steamed to be able to benefit from the crunchiness. They can be prepared raw with a vinaigrette for example or cooked.

At the level of taste the maritime crambé has, for some a flavor of artichoke and for others combines the taste of cardoon with that of asparagus.

Attention, the sea crambé which is scarce in wild species, in the nature, it is necessary a party in the majority of regions of protected species. Before collecting it in the wild, you should check with the Prefecture or the Ministry of Agriculture.
. .

Common male name:

Latin name:

Family:

Origin:

North Sea, Baltic and Atlantic

Type of vegetation:

Ornamental and edible perennial which is part of the perennial leafy vegetables.

Very hardy, it tolerates temperatures down to -20В ° C.

Type of foliage:

Deciduous, long, oval, wavy, toothed, thick, bluish-green leaves.

Mode of multiplication:

Sowing, cuttings and division.

Destination :

Vegetable garden, massif, flower bed.

Soil quality:

Deep, light, humus and cool.

He has a predilection for limestone and sandy soils and appreciates land close to the coast and sea spray.

Amendment and Fertilization:

Add manure or decomposed compost at the planting and then every year in the spring.

Exhibition:

Height:

Spacing:

Planting depth:

The seeds should be covered with one centimeter of refined soil.

Culture and Maintenance:

Plant in a bucket or directly in the ground from March to June. In a cup, sow 3 seeds and keep the most robust plant.

The seeds are covered with a rather corky seed which must be removed with the nails, because it prevents good germination.

Transplanting takes place when the seedlings measure 8-10 cm.

The seeds can be collected for future sowing. They retain their germination faculties for 5 years.

The plants are planted in the spring.

The big old bunches can be divided in the spring.

Root cuttings in November or December with a piece about 10 cm long installed in a pot and under shelter. The cutting should be taken from a plant that is at least three years old.

Claw regularly at its foot to prevent the proliferation of weeds.

Mulching in spring and summer, with mowing residue for example, helps keep the soil cool.

Regularly cut dead flowers.

Winter protection does not need, but it is necessary to remove damaged leaves before winter.

It does not require specific maintenance.

Flowering period:

Numerous small flowers grouped together in kinds of clusters from May to July.

Color :

Harvest Period:

The harvest, which begins three years after sowing the seeds, is carried out from February to April / May by cutting off well developed stems.

To harvest the maritime crambé, a knife is used, leaving a few shoots on the center.

Before harvesting, the shoots can be bleached and withered, covering them with a bell in the course of January, the withering lasts about a month.

Parasites:

Snails and slugs can attack young shoots or newly planted plants.

Diseases:

Favorable neighborhood - Companion plants:

Nasturtium, Е “carnation, sage, marigold, thyme.

Bad neighborhood - Incompatible plants:

All cabbage, turnip, radish, horseradish and swede.

Crop rotation:

Being a perpetual vegetable, it does not enter the crop rotation, because it stays several years in the same place.

Influence of the moon on culture of the Sea Crambé:

Plant category: Leaves

Period of sowing and planting: To carry out sowing in rising and waning moon and in lunar days in Cancer, Pisces and Scorpio.

Transplanting and planting are done in the waning moon.

Maintenance works : The lunar days in Cancer, Pisces and Scorpio.

The cuttings and the divisions are done in the waning moon.

For more information on the influence of the moon on plants, you can consult the file MOON AND GARDEN

Month by month and day by day, you will find the details of the work to be done.

Some Species / Varieties:

Only the type species of Maritime Crambé is cultivated.

Crambe Cordifolia : Called species Cabbage White Cloud and "Cordiform Cabbage". Ornamental, but inedible, it is an easy-to-grow plant that offers abundant light, airy, white and honey-like blooms.

Cramp : General sheet on crambé culture.

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Sowing and planting broccoli

The best way to grow broccoli cabbage is by sowing it, in soil previously enriched with compost, manure or an amendment such as manure and algae.

This fertilization should take place several weeks before sowing.

Broccoli seedlings:

Before sowing, you must turn the soil deeply to loosen it well.

  • The first broccoli sprouts, says early, can be sown from March, under shelter, for a harvest from August to September.
  • For a sowing directly in the ground we will wait until the end of any risk of frost, in may or june.
  • Broadcast sow then lightly bury the seeds.
  • Tamp lightly then sprinkle in a fine rain.
  • Thin to 10 cm when the broccoli has formed a few leaves

Planting broccoli bought in a cup:

If you don’t have time to sow your broccoli, opt for buying seedlings that have already formed.

If you have sown under cover, transplant the broccoli in the ground.

The first broccoli plants appear for purchase in late spring but it is from mid-May that we can put them in the ground outside.

  • The ideal time to plant is early summer.
  • Respect a distance of about 60 cm in all directions between each plant.


How to sow turnips?

Turnips are undemanding when it comes to soil. No need to spread manure or compost, the turnip can manage on its own. In addition, this addition would only accentuate crown and root rot problems.

It can also adapt to the soil where the potatoes have grown. Otherwise the turnip likes humid climates and deep lands. He prefers partial shade.

Sowing is done in different seasons depending on the variety, generally from March to September.

Respecting the sowing date indicated on the bag is therefore essential. The sowing is done in rows 30 cm apart.

It is necessary to sow very clearly and to thin out, possibly with a hoe, to keep a plant every 10 cm when the turnips have 4 to 5 leaves.

It is possible to transplant the turnip but sowing in the ground is recommended.


Perpetual vegetables

Posted on April 3, 2011 by Vavou

1 - Rocambole onion (Allium cepa var proliferum)

The onion catawisa is a close relative with a slightly less refined taste but it is more rustic.

2 - Perpetual leek with pods (Allium porum)

It is an aromatic leek with a slightly sweet taste that is suitable for soups, omelets and quiches. It season salads, eaten in vinaigrette or gratin.

These young shoots can be eaten grated in salads or like other cabbages, in fricassees or stews.

v Plant them in the sun, in well-drained soil. Bring well-decomposed compost or manure to the plantation, then to the surface, during the following years in order to maintain its level of production. The multiplication is done very easily by cuttings of jets. It rarely flowers.

6 - Spinach sorrel (Rumex waited)

This perpetual sorrel is a vegetable with a much less acidic flavor than other sorrels. Its taste is similar to that of spinach but its cultivation is much less demanding. Very productive, harvesting the leaves stimulates the appearance of new foliage. However, these disappear in winter to be reborn at the beginning of March.

v Sow spinach sorrel in the spring in a row before thinning and transplant excess plants. Choose a sunny location to set up plants that will not exceed six inches in height.

Bons Plans Jardin 08/01/2014 10:19 AM

I discover a lot of vegetables through your article. The pepino, this is the first time that I hear it, the name reminds me of a cake for children but not in fact, it is a melon.

I would have liked to be able to make a copy and paste, to find it more easily, of the article on perpetual vegetables.
Thank you anyway, best regards


You can put the page on perpetual vegetables as a "favorite" (right click or click on the star at the top right of your Google address bar). You will be able to find
easily the page. Otherwise type the theme followed by Vavou to find it from Google.

Hello,
Thanks for the precision. It just goes to show that you have to beware of vernacular names since lamb's quarters and Bon-Henri goosefoot share a lot (bon-henri, fat hen, anserine, etc.). And
even scientific names should be wary since, as everything evolves, it seems that we no longer speak of chenopodiaceae but of amaranthaceae.
Enough to lose your Latin!
cordially

Hello,
Your article is very interesting. I found last week in a market an Egyptian onion plant that I did not dare to buy, not being sure that it was the same as the rocambole.
The doubt being raised, thanks to you, I hope to find more tomorrow.
On the other hand, I have the impression that the photo illustrating the bon-henri goosefoot does not correspond to the plant. It seems to me that it would be rather a sorrel. I want to send you a picture of
lamb's-quarters (I have plenty of them in my garden, I love it!) as soon as I find my camera.


Thank you for your compliments and I hope you will easily find the Rocambole onion very easy to propagate by planting a bulbil. The photo illustrates well the bon-henri goosefoot
which differs from lamb's quarters by its larger, dark green foliage. But I would like you to send me a photo of the lamb's quarters to complete the illustration!

Hello
poet gardener-gatherer, how do you get hold of these perpetual vegetables.
thanks and good luck


You have everything to appreciate perpetual vegetables, "poet gardener-gatherer" because
indeed these vegetables leave time to make worms. You just have to pick them!


Many of these perpetual vegetables are passed on among garden enthusiasts because as they
are perennial, they don't sell much! They are found in plant exchanges, on barter sites on the Internet or in aromatic plant nurseries.


The Eric Deloulay nursery in Loiret sells by mail order. His website
gives a lot of interesting information about each vegetable.

wanda BREWINSKI 06/03/2013 10:11 AM

It is very interesting this kind of vegetables, but where can we find them? Thank you


I give you the same answer as in Armelle,


It is true that many perpetual vegetables are passed on between garden lovers because
as they are perennial, it is not very selling! They are found in plant exchanges, on barter sites on the Internet or in aromatic plant nurseries.


The Eric Deloulay nursery in Loiret sells by mail order. His website
gives a lot of interesting information about each vegetable.

Armelle. ROUAULT 03/06/2013 10:10

just an info, where can you buy it?


It is true that many perpetual vegetables are transmitted between garden lovers because
as they are perennial, it is not very selling! They are found in plant exchanges, on barter sites on the Internet or in aromatic plant nurseries.


The Eric Deloulay nursery in Loiret sells by mail order. His website
gives a lot of interesting information about each vegetable.

You can find some at La ferme de Sainte Marthe. http://www.fermedesaintemarthe.com/

I have the rocambole onion and sorrel, I note the others, thank you

Good evening, I am very interested in your article, on perpetual vegetables, I was given shallots, which I planted this morning, can you give me an address to order or a catalog
?
THANK YOU


It is true that many perennial vegetables are passed on between garden enthusiasts because, as they are perennial, they are not very selling! They are found in plant exchanges, on sites
barter on the Internet or at nurseries of aromatic plants.


The Eric Deloulay nursery in Loiret sells by mail order. His site gives a lot of interesting information on each vegetable.


Bjr Eva
Here Lau from La Teste de la Molène -)
-We have just confirmed to me that the Trébons onion "takes" very well in sowing in our sandy soils. Mine have beautiful flowers that are still "capped" but promising.
prepare a tit wedge express. How's yours?
- On the other hand, I'm looking for Cabbage Daubenton .. especially if it is despised by the seaweed .. Do you know a local way to get it in seeds or plants?
garden kisses.

garden idea 05/04/2011 19:08


Seduced by all this information and for this gardening concern that I admire. Well done!


Very good article. There is also the mountain ache (Celery) and the perpetual chervil. The melon-pear intrigues me. I saw it this spring at the garden center, so its purchase will become more democratic and I
will be able to taste its fruits.


thank you! I wrote down, but where do you find these vegetables to plant?


They are still little propagated but they are found with a little luck at plant festivals or when visiting private gardens. It is often through exchanges between plant lovers that
It happens as it is very easy to propagate by cuttings (cabbage), by division of stumps (leeks) or by cloves (onions). Try it on plant barter sites on the internet!


Diseases and pests

The apple harvest takes place about 3 months after planting. It must be very firm. Don't wait too long for it to decompress and flowers will start to form.

Cut off the foot at the base and consume it quickly. To keep it longer, freezing is very effective. You just have to blanch it for a few minutes in boiling water before storing it.

To harvest very white apples, cover it with the leaves of the plant that you will have broken and folded. Do this 10 days before harvest, when the apple is developing.


Crambe or sea cabbage, sow, maintain, bleach, harvest,

This page is a copy of Vavou's garden advice site which I highly recommend.

Here is a curious way to cultivate a vegetable garden, but one that gardening savvy will readily adopt. Among the vegetables, a number can survive for several years and continue to produce for many months. No more plowing, sowing and storing the crop! Rustic, they can grow anywhere in France, among flowers or the vegetable garden, provided the place is sunny. Perpetual vegetables are often close to wild species so their often distinctive flavor is a delight for gourmets.

1 - Rocambole onion (Allium cepa var proliferum)

It is said to be perpetual because you don't need to pull the plant out to consume the bulbs and it stays in place for many years. Just harvest the bulbils that form at the top of the stems after flowering. It is also called baby onion or Egyptian onion because of its origin or even Spanish shallot in reference to its taste qualities. Its shaggy figure, evergreen bluish foliage, and pink ball blooming in summer make it a fun plant to put in the garden.

The green stems 50 cm to 1 m high, pleasantly replace leeks or spring onions. They can be collected all winter. The small onions, when ripe, are delicious candied in vinegar to flavor pickles but they can be eaten raw or cooked, in fricassee like other onions.

v In spring or autumn, plant its bulbils or sow the seeds, in rather sandy and humid soil, with sunny exposure, or in pots to adorn terraces and balconies. Avoid organic manures which cause the bulb to rot. Space the feet 30 cm apart.

The onion catawisa is a close relative with a slightly less refined taste but it is more rustic.

2 - Perpetual leek with pods (Allium porum)

Very interesting, this perennial leek produces a tuft of stems the size of a finger that you harvest as needed. The clump continues to grow from year to year. It flowers late and above all is resistant to leek worm and vigorous cold.

It is an aromatic leek with a slightly sweet taste that is suitable for soups, omelets and quiches. It season salads, eaten in vinaigrette or gratin.

- Plant the bulbils in the sun, between September and March, 20 cm apart (40 cm between the rows), sow in March in a nursery to transplant in May-June or, divide the tuft. Leeks like loose, well-smoked soil and frequent watering. Harvesting can start as early as the end of August and continue throughout the winter.

3 - The perpetual cabbage ‘Daubenton’ (Brassicae oleracea convar. acephala)

It forms a branched shrub of 80 cm to 1.20 m. Each sprout forms a small, tender cabbage with mixed flavors of broccoli cabbage and white cabbage. The harvest is carried out as and when required, which causes the appearance of new jets.

These young shoots can be eaten grated in salads or like other cabbages, in fricassees or stews.

- Plant them in the sun, in well-drained soil. Bring well-decomposed compost or manure to the plantation, then to the surface, during the following years in order to maintain its level of production. The multiplication is done very easily by cutting of jets. It rarely blooms.

4 - Sea cabbage: tender like asparagus (Crambe maritima)

Sea cabbage, probably the ancestor of cultivated cabbage, is also perennial. It grows in pebbles and coarse sands along the Channel and Atlantic coasts. Its cut foliage and white flowering in May are very decorative in a cluster of flowers. In England, its young shoots, barely steamed, are very popular for their nutty taste.

To remove bitterness, cover the plant in February-March with an inverted pot or straw to whiten the petioles (or ribs), tender like asparagus. Its fragrant flowers also add a subtle flavor to salads.

- Plant the crambe, preferably in the sun, in deep, dry and not too acidic soil. It adapts perfectly to poor soil. The plant is up to 60 cm tall and should be protected from strong winds. Sow under a cold frame, in March or October, or take root cuttings in January. The wild plant is protected.

5- A spinach at hand: the Goosefoot Bon Henri (Chenopodium bonus-henricus)

This singular name was formerly given to plants which preferentially grow in the vicinity of humans. Il est donc fréquent de rencontrer ce chénopode près des habitations, des murs, des décharges. Le Bon Henri pousse plutôt en altitude près des chalets d’alpages. En plaine, le chénopode blanc (ou ansérine), annuel est plus fréquent et s’utilise de façon similaire. Le premier est une vivace qui forme des touffes de 20 à 60 cm, aux feuilles triangulaires épaisses, vert foncé, à la base en fer de lance.

Dès le mois d’avril, les feuilles sont consommées comme des épinards, en soupe mêlées à d’autres légumes, ou pour rehausser le goût des salades. Les extrémités de pousses sont cuites et servies comme des asperges.

- Il pousse en plein soleil dans un sol bien drainé et se propage par semis.

6 - L’oseille épinard (Rumex patienta)

Cette oseille perpétuelle est un légume de saveur beaucoup moins acide que les autres oseilles. Son goût s’apparente à celui des épinards mais sa culture est bien moins exigeante. Très productive, la récolte des feuilles stimule l’apparition de nouveaux feuillages. Ceux-ci disparaissent toutefois en hiver pour renaître dès le début du mois de mars.

- Semez l’oseille épinard, au printemps, en ligne, avant d’éclaircir et repiquez les plants en surnombre. Choisissez une exposition ensoleillée pour installer les plants qui ne dépasseront pas 15 cm de haut.

7 - Melon-poire ou pepino (Solanum muricatum)

Fini les corvées de plantation, de taille et tuteurage, le pépino est une plante des régions chaudes qui pousse très bien dans un pot que vous rentrerez l’hiver. Les fruits en forme d’œuf sont de taille variable selon les variétés, leur poids peut atteindre 1 kg. Leur goût rappelant à la fois la poire et le melon lui ont valu ses surnoms de poire-melon ou melon-poire.

Vous pouvez la conduire comme un pied de tomate en supprimant les ramifications quand elles apparaissent. Elle est aussi productive si vous la laissez buissonner naturellement. Elle atteint alors 50 cm de haut.

- La plante nécessite du soleil afin que les fruits mûrissent avant les premières gelées Pour conserver la plante pendant l’hiver, plantez le pépino dans un pot assez large et rabattez–le à 10 cm du sol quand il a fini de produire, à l’automne. Placez le pot dans une pièce hors-gel puis, opérez un rempotage au printemps. La culture en pleine terre dans une serre est possible. Il suffit de protéger le pied rabattu par un paillage généreux de la souche.

- Vous pouvez aussi conserver les plants en effectuant des boutures de 10 cm de long en fin d’été (99% de réussite). Conservez les jeunes plants à l’intérieur en attendant de pouvoir les sortir en mai. Le fruit produit peu de pépins, c’est pourquoi le bouturage est conseillé.

D’autres articles sur le potager

Vous trouverez d’autres articles sur le potager sur mon site et notamment un sujet sur la plantation des tomates et un autre sur les associations de légumes


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